Analysis of the procedures of compulsory land acquisition and compensation in Uganda
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Provision of public facilities and infrastructure that ensure safety and security, health and welfare, social and economic enhancement, and protection and restoration of the natural environment leads to a sustainable development. Land in Uganda belongs to the citizens and for the government to provide these facilities, land is always required. Specific land parcels required may not be on sale at the time it is required or the government may not be able to purchase land over the land market. The government uses the power of compulsory acquisition of land that can force owners to sell their land in order to obtain the land required to be used for specific purposes. The power of compulsory acquisition of land is also referred to as expropriation, eminent domain, compulsory purchase, land acquisition and resumption. Compulsory land acquisition almost in every country has legislations and procedures to be followed while exercising it. The context of rapid growth and changes in land use has placed governments under increasing pressure to deliver public services in the face of an already high and growing demand for land. In Uganda like in many other states, even when the legislations and procedures which give the acquiring authority mandate to acquire land compulsorily for public use are well stipulated, the process is not followed 100%which results into a number of challenges making the acquisition process lengthy, prolonged, complex and costly. This research aims at analyzing the procedures, discover the challenges and recommend possible solutions to mitigate them using the Kampala-Entebbe Express road project as the case study. Questionnaires were administered to government valuers and affected landowners to capture their views on land acquisition procedures and challenges. The findings reveal that the process stipulated was violated and challenges facing the process include administrative, legal, social, economic and environmental.