An exploratory study of enabling factors for positive living among women living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda
Namubiru, Esther Kisaakye
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Enabling factors for positive living among women refers to factors which empower and describe patterns of interaction between individuals who are HIV positive and these allow these individuals to develop and grow. The purpose of this study was to analyze how women (15-49) who have tested HIV positive try to cope with their life in Uganda. The motivation of research was the fact that since 2000 several reforms have taken place in the health sector. These reforms are not limited to abolition of user fees in public health facilities, and increasing subsidies from government to private not for profit(PNFPs) health facilities. However women living with HIV are still in big numbers where in 2015, 670000 young people between ages 15-24 were newly affected with HIV of whom 9% are boys and the rest are girls UPHIA, 2016. During the study, a secondary dataset (UAIS) was used. The dataset is a sample of Uganda Aids Indicator Survey which contains information on 19895 women aged (15-49years). The data was analysed using statistical package for social scientists (SPSS), cross tabulations, univariate and bivariate analysis were conducted so as to establish the relationship between women characteristics and enabling factors for their positive living. The results from the univariate analysis showed that majority of the women in Uganda who tested for HIV were 60% while only 40% had not tested for HIV. Hence cross tabulations were conducted to link the women characteristics to the ways of how they could cope with being HIV positive. The results proved that there was a significant relationship between the wealth index (0.000), level of education (0.000), religion (0.000), region (0.000), type of place of residence (0.000) and the age at first sexual intercourse (0.000) and the enabling factors for positive living among women who had tested for HIV. The chi-square value for all variables was carried out and there was a significant relationship. The results from the research revealed that many women out there had tested for HIV. This may be due to the fact that many of these women wanted to know there statuses or at times they might not be sure of their statuses. Many of these women were knowledgeable about the places from which they could get tested from and are living in urban areas from the richest households and had at least attained primary education. Hence the research shows that women have been able to go test for HIV and are at least knowledgeable about it.