Ulinganishi wa nafasi ya vijana katika tamthilia za kisasa na zamani (1950-1980) na (1990-2000): comparison of the role of youth in modern and ancient dramas (1950-1980) and (1990-2000)
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Utafiti huu ulidhamiria kutathimini usawili wa wahusika vijana kwa kutumia tamthilia teule za zamani na hizi za kisasa, ili kugundua usawili wa vijana kama waandishi wa tamthilia mbalimbali walivyowasawilisha. Utafiti huu ulikuwa na malengo mahsusi mawili ambayo ni kutathimini usawili wa wahusika vijana katika tamthilia za zamani na za kisasa na kuchunguza uhusiano uliopo kati ya usawili wa vijana katika tamthilia za zamani na za kisasa. Data ilikusanywa kutoka maktabani kwa njia ya usomaji makini wa tamthilia teule pamoja na makala mbalimbali. Utafiti huu umetumia mbinu ya uhalisia ambayo inaonyesha uhalisia wa maisha katika jamii. Uchanganuzi wa data umeonyesha kuwa waandishi wa tamthilia za zamani ambazo ni tamthiliya ya Kilio cha haki iliyoandikwa na A. mazrui mwaka 1981 pamoja na tamthiliya ya Kinjeketile iyoandikwa na Ibrahim N. Hussein mwaka 1969, na za kisasa ambazo ni tamthiliya ya Kimya kimya ya Said. A. Mohamed mwaka 2011 pamoja na tamthiliya ya Kaptula la umarx iliyoandikwa na Ephrase Kezilahabi mwaka 2010, wamesawilisha wahusika vijana katika kazi zao na kuwapa majukumu yanayofanana. Matokeo ya utafiti huu yalionyesha kuwa waandishi wa tamthilia za kisasa na zamani wamesawilisha wahusika vijana kwa kuwapa majukumu na sifa zinazofanana kwa mfano ni wazalendo, Wapiganiaji wa haki, wenye upinzani kwa uongozi mbaya na wasiokata tamaaa. Kwa kuhitimisha tumegundua kwamba waandishi wa tamthilia za kisasa na zile za zamani wamesawilisha wahusika vijana kwa kuwapa majukumu yanayofanana kwa asilimia kubwa kwa kuonyesha kuwa wao kama vijana huwa na shauku ya kupigania haki pamoja na kujitoa muanga kuifia nchi yao. Hivyo waandishi wa tamthilia za kisasa na zile zamani wanaonyesha kuwa vijana wanaokandamizwa na utawala na kunyimwa fulsa ya kupewa uongozi kama matokeo ya utafiti huu. Tumetoa mapendekezo kwamba watafiti wengine wanaweza kufanya juu ya usawili wa wahusika wa aina nyingine kwa mfano wanawake pampja na wazee ili kuziba pengo la wahusika vijana katika jamii, kuwepo kwa waandishi zaidi wa tamthilia nchini ili kuondoa upungufu wa vitabu vya tamthilia. English Translation of the Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the interrogation of young characters using selected old and modern dramas, in order to discover the young people's narratives as the authors of various dramas presented them. This study had two specific objectives which were to evaluate the interplay of young characters in old and modern dramas and to explore the relationship between young people's interiors in old and modern dramas. Data was collected from the library through careful reading of selected dramas as well as various articles. This study has used a realistic approach that reflects the realities of life in society. Data analysis has shown that the authors of the old dramas which are the drama The Cry of Justice written by A. mazrui in 1981 as well as the Kinjeketile drama written by Ibrahim N. Hussein in 1969, and the modern ones which are Said's silent drama. A. Mohamed in 2011 along with the Umarx Kaptula drama written by Ephrase Kezilahabi in 2010, have portrayed young characters in their work and given them similar roles. The results of this study showed that modern and ancient playwrights have portrayed young characters by giving them similar roles and qualities for example they are patriots, activists for justice, opponents of bad leadership and relentless. In conclusion we have found that modern and ancient playwrights have portrayed young actors by giving them similar roles in a large percentage by showing that they as young people are passionate about fighting for justice as well as sacrificing light to die for their country. Thus the writers of modern and ancient plays show that young people are oppressed by the regime and deprived of the opportunity to be given leadership as a result of this study. We have suggested that some researchers may work on interviewing other types of characters such as young women and the elderly to bridge the gap of young characters in society, the presence of more drama writers in the country to eliminate the shortage of drama books.
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