Prevalence of risky Sexual Behaviors and Associated Factors among HIV Positive Adults on ART at Wakiso Health Centre IV.
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Introduction Risky sexual behaviors among people living with HIV/AIDS is a public health concern because of risk of HIV transmission, acquiring resistant strains and STIs. The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of risky sexual behaviors and associated factors among HIV positive adults on ART at Wakiso Health Centre IV. Methods The study employed a descriptive cross sectional design. A pretested interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Systematic random sampling technique was used, 207 respondents participated in this study. The data were entered into SPSS version 20 and analyzed. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analysis were done. A P˂0.05 was considered to determine the statistical significance of the association between factors and risky sexual behaviors. Results A total of 207 respondents participated in this study. The prevalence of risky sexual behavior was 60.9%. The factors associated with risky sexual behaviors at multivariate analysis were, disclosure to close friends (AOR=2.113 P=0.015), social support (AOR=0.499 P=0.028) and people on ART not likely to use condoms (AOR=3.115 P=0.000). Conclusion: The prevalence of risky sexual behaviour among HIV positive adults who attended the HIV clinic at Wakiso Health Centre IV is 60.9%.Majority of the participants did not disclose to close friends, a quarter of the participants are still using alcohol and more than half reported no social support.