Assessment of solid waste management effectiveness at Rhine Camp Refugee Settlement
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Abrupt refugee settlements in large numbers in sparsely populated, environmentally sensitive areas are correlated with increased flow of solid waste in the environment. Due to limited data humanitarian agencies tend to pay less attention to check the solid waste management efficiency in refugee camps. This research aimed at generating information for aiding decision making for improving effectiveness on solid waste management practices in refugee settlements. To achieve this objective, suitable sampling techniques were employed and data gathering effected using informal interviews, focused group discussions and observations. Findings reveal that biodegradable solid waste constituted the largest proportion of solid waste generated. Solid waste is littered in public places. The major solid waste management practices are open dumping and burning. Limited collection is done for recycling. In the light of these findings, it can be recommended that solid wastes should be managed using sustainable practices such as composting for biodegradable waste, education campaigns for refugees and use of well distributed waste collection bins in public spaces. Further support should be provided by the local government in creating the necessary conducive policy environment for improved waste management.