The impacts of human activities on wetlands: a case study of Kazizi wetland in Bwikara sub county Kagadi district
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Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems on earth; they are areas permanently or periodically waterlogged which offers the neighboring communities socio-cultural, economic and ecological values. Wetland resources in Uganda have been traditionally utilized by people as a source of materials for construction, crafts, furniture and as hunting and fishing areas. This study investigated the impacts of human activities on Kazizi wetland in Bwikara sub county, Kagadi district. The study employed qualitative methods for data collection. Random sampling was used to select samples from the population. key informant interviews, observation and were used to collect data which was analyzed in SPSS for descriptive statistics. A sample of 90 participants were randomly selected from four villages; Bwikara, Kisura, Kakoga and Nyakarongo to participate in the study. They were interviewed on their views towards the impacts of human activities on Kazizi wetland in Bwikara sub county. Results showed that the human activities taking place in Kazizi wetland were crop cultivation (25%), sand mining (15%), brick making (15%), settlements (12%), fish farming (9%), resource extraction (10%) and animal raring (13%). Increased floods (20%), low crop produce (1%), increased attack (15%), pest and disease (1%) and biodiversity loss (15%) were the impacts of Kazizi wetland degradation. In order to conserve Kazizi wetland from degradation, there is a need to improve on the enforcement, increasing public awareness, participation in conservation and also increase on the funds given to local governments from the government to implement the conservation and restoration plan.