Assessing the consumer acceptability of chicken from broilers fed on black soldier fly larvae in Nangabo sub-county, Wakiso district
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Increased demand for animal protein has motivated the search for more efficient livestock production systems. In recent years, there has been growing interest to incorporate insect meal as an alternative source of protein to fish/soybean meal in chicken feed for improved nutrition, sustainability, and animal welfare benefits. Black soldier fly (BSF) larval-based feeds have been shown to increase broiler production in a cost-effective manner. However, poultry consumers perception towards the consumption of meat from broilers fed diet integrated with BSF-based meal have received limited research attention. This study evaluated consumer perceptions and their willingness to pay for broiler chicken fed on black soldier fly. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 3rd March 2022 to 17th March 2022 in a cross-sectional research design across four parishes with each parish having 25 respondents. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). More than half of the respondents were male. Three quarters of the respondents were married and majority were Anglicans. The age of the respondents ranged from 20 to 62 years with an average of 38.3 years. The average number of years spent in school was 10.2 years. More than half of the respondents were household heads. The average household size was about 8 people. The monthly income ranged from Uganda shillings 150,000 to 2,000,000, with an average of Uganda shillings 486,241.38. Majority of the respondents were self- employed. Almost all respondents had chicken as part of their diet, with broilers taking as the main type of chicken taken. Chicken was being eaten 4 to 5 times a month with majority of purchases made during the festive days. Majority of the chicken was obtained from chicken sales outlet, with most of the purchases made by parents. On average, a person ate 2 pieces per occasion. A live bird was the major form in which chicken was purchased. Price was the major factor considered before purchasing chicken. Majority of the respondents did not mind were the broilers were raised from. Majority of the respondents had limited to no knowledge of broiler feeds, yet many thought it was important to know. Less than half of respondents were aware about Black Soldier Fly and its use in animal diets. A large number of the respondents liked to eat broiler chicken fed on BSF if presented to them and were willing to purchase. Number of years spent at school significantly increased the consumer willingness to pay, whereas household size significantly reduced consumer‘s willingness to pay for BSF- based broiler meat. The price for this kind of chicken ranged from Uganda shillings 5,000 to 30,000 with an average of 11,296.3. Broiler chicken fed on black soldier fly is recommended to be sold in areas with low number of people belonging to seventh day Adventists, target households for married people and people of about 38 years, should be sold through chicken sales outlets, offered to customers in form of live birds, the optimal price should Uganda shillings 11,300, there should more sensitization of the people of using black soldier fly in animal feeds and lastly, a similar study to be carried out in the same study place for at least two more times.