Gender dynamics among commercial poultry producing households in urban and Peri urban Kampala
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Gender dynamics is how men and women are treated or behave differently in society, either with their gender or with each other. This study explored gender dynamics among commercial poultry-producing households in urban and peri-urban Kampala. The specific objectives were; determining decision-making power, gender roles, and challenges facing commercial poultry producing households in Urban and Peri-Urban Kampala. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered to a total of 138 respondents selected by the Krejcie and Morgan method with which 71 men and 68 females participated. The study found that broilers (51.0%) were major birds reared for commercial purposes. Most respondents had broilers and layers between 50 to 200 birds (64.0% and 82.7% respectively). Men majorly hired poultry workers (94.0%) and they also majorly determined the price of eggs (42.7%), sell-off off layers, and utilization of money from the sales of eggs and off layers (46%). Women majorly decided on the price of broilers (47.3%) and sell of broilers (44.0%). Men did much of providing feeding for poultry birds (51.1%). Women were more involved in record-keeping (48.6%). Poultry birds were mostly vaccinated (27.5%) and treated (42.0%) by the veterinary personnel. Children mostly collected eggs (36. 2%). Diseases and parasites (20%) were the major constraints, followed by high prices of feeds (16.0%). Most respondents vaccinated their birds to prevent disease (44.7%) and 22.5% made their feed in case of high prices of feeds on the market. Therefore, the majority of the respondents had poultry birds for commercial purposes and so regular sensitization for awareness creation on various management technologies and initiating training on them.