Assessment of occupational safety and health among salon workers in Wandegeya, Kampala District.
Ivonne, Flavian Paul
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Working in a salon may not seem as a high-risk profession, however the job can lead to occupational diseases, accidents and injuries. Occupational diseases like skin conditions, musculoskeletal diseases such as arthritis and tendinitis and work-related asthma and occupational injuries like falls, slips, trips and strain injuries maybe common if working in such environment. Salon operators are also subjected to occupational exposure from a variety of chemical products such as vapors, solvents, perfumes and dusts. They are also exposed to a number occupational of hazards including physical, chemical, biological and ergonomic hazards. The exposure can also affect the clients and others present within the area of work. Salon operators and clients often assume that salons and the products used are safe. Therefore, they are exposed to different occupational health risks since some chemicals and ingredients used in salons have been associated with cancers, miscarriages and lung diseases. Unhygienic practices, prolonged standing as well as poor ventilation and lighting may also contribute to hazards among the salon operators. Therefore, maintenance as well as adequate standards of safety, health and hygiene should be met for ensuring the health and safety of both salon operators, clients and/or consumers. Given the fact that salon operators and clients are exposed to several health hazards in their workplace, this study is focused on assessing knowledge, attitudes and practices towards occupational safety and health among salon workers in Wandegeya, Kampala. Objective: To assess knowledge, attitudes and practices of salon operators towards occupational safety and health so as to provide evidence-based information that will trigger policy change. Method: This cross sectional study will employ mixed methods. Structured questionnaires will be used to collect quantitative data while observation and face to face interviews will be used to collect qualitative data. Quantitative data will be entered into Epi data version 3.0, after which it will be exported to STATA for analysis at uni-variate and bi-variate levels. Qualitative data from the respondents will be analyzed by making use of descriptions of content and analysis of feedback from observations and interview. Dissemination of the results will be through the dissertation and sharing of reports with the district health officers, sub county health inspectors and other stakeholders.