An investigation of common bacterial infection on a selected Kuroiler breeding farm in Wakiso Town Council, Uganda
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Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp are the leading causes of infections on chicken farms. The present study aimed at determination of the common bacterial infections on a selected kuroiler breeding farm in Wakiso town Council, Uganda. Isolation and identification of E.coli and Salmonella were done using MACONKY and XLDrespectively.Furthermore, biochemical tests werecarried out to confirm the identity of the isolates. A total of 38 samples were collected which included day old chicks and brooding chick's as well as from mature healthy and sick chicken. The isolates identified were: E.coli-60%, Salmonella-13.3% andProteus-13.3%. Mean total plate, total coliform Counts and total Enterobacter counts of 8.49, 3.16 and 2.69 log cfu/ml were registered respectively. The minimum TPC, TCC and TEC were 4, 4.079 and 0 log cfu/ml respectively and maximum values were 18.5, 12.43 and 9.121 log cfu/ml. The values of TPC and TCC were significantly different in all the samples and TEC values were not significantly different in the samples. The study revealed high resistance of E.coli. against Streptomycin, Sulphamethazole/Trimethoprim, Tetracycline and best responses registered by Amoxycilin. Salmonella enteridis had a 50% resistance against Ciprofloxacin but with 100% susceptibility against Amoxycilin and Tetracyclines. There was noted laxity at the farm as regards observing the required biosecurity practices aimed at prevention and control of diseases.