An assessment of the levels of awareness and implementation of energy conservation measures and practices to facilitate sustainable energy utilization
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The escalating global demand for energy and the environmental consequences of conventional energy sources have raised pressing concerns worldwide. The aim of this study is to enhance sustainable energy usage by assessing awareness levels and promoting the adoption of conservation measures among key stakeholders in higher education institutions. Data was collected through a survey and interviews: - to determine the levels of awareness of energy conservation measures, perceptions of stakeholders towards energy conservation and the determinants for the adoption of energy conservation measures in Makerere University. Different age groups and genders correlate their perceptions with positive benefits such as cost savings, while the perceived costs, like upfront investment, act as hindrances to adoption. Social norms, organisational culture, infrastructure, and financial incentives are the major factors influencing adoption of energy conservation measures. The study recommends the need for intensified awareness campaigns and cost-effective energy-efficient options, which are essential for reducing energy consumption and environmental impact while fostering sustainability within educational institutions and beyond.
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