Assessing the impact of universal health care in Uganda
Nakisita, Elsie Stacy
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The majority of the African countries including Uganda relied on SAP (Structural Adjustment Programs) that were provided by the World Bank and the IMF (International Monetary Fund) to change the state’s role in social welfare and deem them providers of quality. From this point moving forward, Uganda heavily relied on the private sector in providing health services to its people. The problem that this paper endeavored to review was the limited access to health service delivery, especially in poor communities. This was generated by two notable factors; deficit funding of healthcare in the government health facilities inducing deficit and the abuse of the service beneficiaries through corruption; and liberalization of health service dispatch where private for profit medical centers willingly extend their services to public health facilities. This paper strived to address the confined access to health services delivery, especially by the poor communities. In line with dealing with is limited access to health services delivery especially by the poor communities. The research was guided by the following questions i) to what extent does health financing yield UHC in a given country? and ii) how does UHC ensure that all persons have access to quality health care? The study heavily relied on secondary sources such as academic books, legal journals, reports and policy briefs that conform with the right to health. It was therefore necessary to review UHC in relation to implementers in international, African and regional levels. The study is structured into the following five chapters. Chapter one contains the introduction. Chapter two explains the meaning of UHC and its impact on health regarding the aspects of AAAQ (availability, accessibility, affordability and quality). Chapter three accommodates the discussion on UHC and the legal frameworks in play within Uganda. Chapter four presents and discusses how and why Rwanda’s UHC program is one of the success stories of Africa. Chapter five which is the last chapter of this research paper gives a summary, conclusion and recommendations of the research.