Impact of rice farming on rural farmers household income in Hoima district. A case study of Buhimba Sub County
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In an effort to determine the impact of rice farming on the total household income, a descriptive study was conducted using a questionnaire administered to randomly selected sample of 67 smallholder farmers of Buhimba Sub-county, Hoima District. Descriptive statistics, correlation tests and multiple linear regression were used to analyse data. The correlation test of the study showed that, there is a significant, very high positive relationship between household total income and income from rice farming (p-value=0.9142) From the study findings, rice production depended on the age of the farmer (p-value= 0.02). The study revealed that one year increase in the age of the farmer would increase the level of production by almost 22%. Holding other factors constant, a unit increase in the farm size would increase the level of rice farming by 86%, increasing the family size by one member would lead to 43% increase in the level of farming. A switch from a male headed household to a female headed household would reduce the level of rice farming by nearly 33%. Lack of access to extension services reduced the level of production by 2.6%. Based on results of analysis, it is deemed imperative that in an effort to increase rice faming in Hoima District, a number of measures ought to be considered including:- The government needs to intervene and increase the access to extension service by the farmers in the study area. This will equip farmers with modern farming knowledge which can boost production levels, and finally, farmers need to increase the area under cultivation with rice production, also increase the labour inputs in order to increase production. More precisely, farmers need to expand their production activities in order to increase rice yields and increase their total income levels.