The impact of community participation on the development of tourism within Murchison Falls National Park
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The study examined the impact of community participation on the development of tourism within Murchison Falls National Park. The objectives of the study were to: identify and assess the levels and modes of community participation in tourism development, assess the benefits of community participation in tourism activities, examine the contribution of community participation in tourism development, establish the challenges of enhancing community participation in tourism development and suggest the solution to the challenges facing community participation in tourism development. The descriptive cross-sectional survey design was adopted because it provides a systematic description that is as factual and as accurate as possible, (Amin 2005). The total target population were the tourist attraction management / administrators, employees and community members. The study was based on a sample size of 60 respondents. These included Murchison falls administrators, tourist guides and local community members. A questionnaire was used because it allows in-depth research, to gain firsthand information and more experience over a short period of time (Kothari, 2008; Amin, 2005; Creswell, 2003). Interviews were person to person verbal communication in which one person or a group of people were interviewed at a time. It was concluded that local people should be consulted but the final decision on the tourism development should be made by formal bodies when tourism companies are to make any tourism development on their community. It was concluded that tourism development helps in the creation of market. It was concluded that the better standard of living of the host has increased because of tourism development which that tourism development has majorly contributed to a better standard of living of the host community. It was concluded that failure of the representatives of locals to get involved in decision making process, government officials to give importance to the suggestions of locals. It was concluded that developing training programs covering basic skills to those necessary for promotion and providing tangible support or participation to a not-for-profit organisation or event. It was recommended that there is a need for tour agencies to work together with the local communities in the enhancement of tourism development in the local communities. It was recommended that the local communities should work peaceful with the tour agencies in order to allow improving standards resulting from tourism activities. It was recommended that ministries and authorities for tourism should sensitize tour agencies to work closely with the communities in order to improve tourism development. It was recommended that representatives of the local communities should get involved in understand the community problems and address them in order to improve local tourism development.