Solid waste management assessment at gabba landing site in the context of sustainable lake victoria environmental management needs
Namutebi, Liz Lucy
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There are different categories of land use on Lake Victoria beach towns of Uganda. The main landing site town in Uganda is Gabba. There are various unregulated socio-economic activities which pose a threat to the water quality of Lake Victoria. The objectives for the study included determining the types of solid waste generated and waste management at Gabba landing site, whether the community was aware of the impacts of poor waste management on the lake and examining the efficiency of solid waste management organisational and institutional frame work. Data was collected with aid of questionnaires, checklists and interview guides. A total of 47 questionnaires were given out to randomly selected respondents who included fishermen, boat makers, market vendors and restaurant operators. The interviews were held with the KCCA fisheries inspector and the chairman Gabba market. Data was analysed using Microsoft excel for assessing the effects of poor waste management, categorising demographic characteristic of the respondents. The results showed presence of various waste disposal methods which included burning (14.893%), dumping in the lake (19.148) and collection and disposal by authorities (51.063%). Other minor methods accounted for 14. 893%.The research also indicated awareness of the respondents on the effects of poor waste management was 100%. There are relevant national and international laws and policies in existence as well as regulations regarding waste management. However, these are not effective since the wastes are not fully effectively managed at the landing site. Lake Victoria water quality is still at risk of deterioration. There is still a management and monitoring gap in waste handling at Gabba. In conclusion; Government has to reinforce the regulations and support the local leaders of Gabba who are at the ground and easily interact or communicate with the community to ensure Lake Victoria protection.