Factors Influencing Consistent Condom Use among Men in Eastern Uganda
Ojok, Brian Andrew
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The study examines the factors that influence consistent condom use among men in Eastern Uganda using the 2016 UDHS data. The specific objectives of the study were to assess the demographic, socio-economic and psychosocial factors that influence the consistent condom use among men in Eastern Uganda. The analysis was done at three levels, Univariate, bivariate and multivariate level using SPSS. For the period under study, the findings indicate that most of the respondents (51.6%) were 25+ years of age, majority (53.2%) of the respondents was married. Similarly, it is clear that most of the respondents (45.0%) had attained secondary level of education, and very few (1.6%) had never been in school. Furthermore, the study indicated that majority (82.4%) of the respondents’ dwell in the rural residence of Eastern Uganda. Using the Chi-square test, bivariate analysis indicated that age, marital status, education level, residence, religion, age at first sex and HIV/AIDS related knowledge index had no significant relationship with consistent condom use since their respective p-values were greater than 0.05 at 95% level of significance. On the other hand, perceived personal risk to HIV infection, perceived self-efficacy of wife and number of sexual partners had significant association with consistent condom use among men since their p-values were less than 0.05 at 95% level of significance. From the logistic model, the factor that affects or influence consistent condom use among men was number of sexual partners. According to the findings of the study, the government should seek to encourage men to always use condoms with all their partners and continuously advance input in the audio and visual messages on risks to HIV infections. Further research should focus on factors affecting consistent condom use among males and female adolescents.