Social-Demographic Factors Associated With Under-Five Mortality in Western Uganda
Mbabazi, Sulaina Ransom
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This research was aimed at assessing the social demographic factors associated with under five mortality in western Uganda. The study used secondary data of the Uganda Demographic and health survey (UDHS) that was carried out in the year 2011. The study investigated the demographic and social economic factors that determine under-five mortality. It was found out that there is a significant relationship between age of the mother and Under-five mortality (Pearson chi2 (18)=104.2, Pvalue =0.000). Ladies who bear kids at a young age register more cases of under-five mortality than those who bear kids when they are mature. The study also found out that single mothers register fewer cases of under-five mortality than married ones (Pearson chi2 (18) = 66.935, pvalue =0.000). It was further discovered that rural dwellers register higher levels of under-five mortality than urban residents (Pearson chi2 (3)=75.542, P_value= 0.000). The study also found out that poor parents register higher levels of under five mortality than rich ones (Pearson chi2 (12) = 285.004, Pvalue = 0.000). Lastly, it was discovered that households in which the parents studied beyond secondary registered very minimal levels of under-five mortality while in those with less educated parents, the under-five mortality levels were high (Pearson chi2 (9)=492.309, Pvalue= 0.000). It is therefore recommended that the government invests more in education especially in the rural parts of the country as this will help improve the literacy levels of people and embrace the importance of seeking quality health during and after birth by mothers. There should also be construction of more health facilities in rural parts of the country to bring health services closer to the rural dwellers as this will help improve the accessibility of health services by rural residents. The government should further enforce strict laws on early marriages as this will help reduce early bearing of children that is coupled with its negative consequences. This will help increase the life span of new born babies. More efforts tailored to empowering people economically through community development programs should also be envisaged as this will help improve people’s income and enhance their affordability of quality health care.