Cultivation of oyster mushroom at Mushroom Training Centre Bwindi Amagara Association
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A comparative research project was conducted at Bwindi Amagara Association in Kanungu District between 16/5/2017 to 19/8/2017 and only Oyster mushroom was selected. This type of mushroom was grown in different conditions, that is, well moist environment and one with more light. Well moist environment has more species diversity which affects the density of mushrooms and ultimately has a negative bearing on the entire community. Therefore, the study required a dimension of 25 × 10m2. This study area had more mushrooms which were identified and counted. Those mushrooms that were growing in well ventilated and lighted area had low diversity of mushrooms. It found out that those growing in moist environments had more mushrooms compared to that of lighted area. Problem statement Effects of dampness on the mushroom growing diversity, density and size. Purpose of the study The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of moisture or dampness on the mushroom growing diversity and density. This was achieved by comparing mushrooms growing in normal environments and the ones growing in dampness. General objectives To compare the mushrooms growing in damp environment and those growing in the environment with all the requirements. Specific objectives To estimate the density of mushrooms growing in different environments that is damp environment and well lighted environment. To determine the size of the mushrooms. To determine the most abundant species in damp and lighted growing rooms. Research questions What is the density of mushrooms growing at damp environment? What is the most abundant species growing in damp areas compared to those in lighted environment? What is the variation in the abundance of oyster mushroom growing in different environments? Hypothesis The density of mushrooms growing in different environments is the same. There is uniform mushroom abundance in both damp environment and lighted environment. Study area The study survey was carried out at Mushroom training and growing centre of BwindiAmagara Association between 14th - 18th – November 2016 in Kanungu District. This survey was mainly; To equip with knowledge and skills of how to grow oyster mushrooms on solid state fermented substrate. To equip with knowledge of different species of mushrooms those that grow wild and the ones under domestication. To find how oyster mushrooms growing influence can the economic status of local people in Kanungu district as a case study. Significance of the study The project needs minimal space Mushroom project acts as alternative source of income to the family and therefore raising the standards of living. It requires minimal time to mature and requires little capital It provides employment opportunities to people working directly in the business as spawn producer, gardening, harvesting and marketing. It has a ready market in either fresh or dried form. Availability of agricultural waste substrates used which are affordable by mushroom growers. Expectations from the growing include - To empower complete knowledge and skills in mushroom cultivation. - To encourage the participants to acquire basic practices in mushroom cultivation. - To encourage open communication. Learning how mushrooms, spps of mushroom cultivated, challenges faced during growing of mushroom, substrate used, clean environment, maintenance in mushroom cultivation, market research for the mushroom, compare the suitability of oyster mushroom and other spps, nutritive value of oyster mushroom, differences between poisonous and edible mushrooms, gestation period of oyster mushroom, entrepreneurship and value addition to oyster mushroom and how mushrooms dish can be prepared.