Analyis of risk factors associated with GUDs among women of reproductive age 15 - 49 in Rakai District
Ssemwatika, Brandt Hermus
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The overall focus of this study was to analyse and understand what risk factors (social, economic and demographic) were associated with GUDs among women of reproductive age (15 - 49). The study was guided by two specific objectives one of which was to determine the prevalence rate of GUDs and the other objective was to determine the factors associated with GUDs. Chi square, bivariate and multivariable logistic regression in STATA 14 were used in finding results. From a sample of 9,243 women, only 1,236 women reported to have had any GUD infection in the past 12 months implying a low prevalence rate 13.37%. The results in table 1 reveal that age (X2P <= 0.001), marital status (X2P <= 0.001), education level (X2P <= 0.001), residence (X2P <= 0.001), occupation (X2P<= 0.001) and HIV status (X2P <= 0.001) of women in reproductive age have an effect on GUD. Because their P-values <= 0.001 which is less than the significance level of 0.05, we reject the null hypothesis of independence between GUDs and the mentioned socio demographic factors. From the multivariable logistic regression analysis, women with the following characteristics had higher odds of experiencing GUD as compared to their corresponding reference categories: previously married women (OR = 1.068, CI: 0.912 1.251), primary literates (OR = 1.335, CI: 1.027, 1.735), secondary literates (OR = 1.080, CI: 0.814, 1.432), urban residents (OR = 1.151, CI: 1.003, 1.321), bar/rest (OR = 1.004, CI: 0.801, 1.258), fishing (OR = 1.090, CI: 0.226, 5.253), trade/shop (OR = 1.104, CI: 0.936, 1.303) and HIV positive (OR = 2.151, CI: 1.874 2.469). From the results drawn, there is a decrease in the prevalence of GUDs among women of reproductive age (15 - 49) from 18.6% in 2003 (Serwadda, et al., 2003) to 13.4% in 2011.