Indigenous Management and Conservation of Tarmarindus Indicaby Small-Holder Farmers in Morungatuny Sub-County, Amuria District
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Indigenous management and conservation practices have been used by farmers to maintain indigenous trees, like Tamarindusindica worldwide. These management and conservation practices have not been adequately documented in many areas including Morungatuny Sub County. Astudy to establish indigenous management and conservation practices used by small holderfarmers was carried out in Morungatuny Sub –county, Amuria district Eastern Uganda. A total of 100 farmers with Tamarindusindica on farm, homestead and on the compound were interviewed using a semi structured questionnaire and focus group interview. Questionnaire responses were coded, entered and analyzed in SPSS. Major reported management and conservation techniques were weeding around Tamarindusindica twice a year during land clearing and weeding of agricultural crops, application of manure, pruning the large branches and spraying with pesticides. Most Tamarindusindica trees were naturally growing and protected on farm with major Challenges faced in the application of indigenous management and conservation being pests and diseases, increased cost of pesticides, prolonged drought due to seasonal weather changes, and local people do not value the tree, people cut down the tree for charcoal burning, delayed fruiting and fire outbreak.In addition, solutions reported to address the identified challenges were application of pesticides to control diseases and pests, provision of pesticides to farmers by the government, educating local people on the value of the tree, willingness of farmers to plant more resistant varieties has been suggested as great opportunity to the conservation of Tamarindusindica and strict laws against tree cutting. The major ways Tamarindusindica can be sustainably managed is through fire protection, not allowing people to cut down the tree, use of proper harvesting methods and weeding around the tree.Hypothesis tested for association between techniques applied to conserve versus location of Tamarindusindica (X2 =36.032, p=0.003), techniques applied to conserve Tamarindusindica versus skills required to manage Tamarindusindica (X2=174.462, p=0.000) significantly influenced the management and conservation of Tamarindusindica by the farmers in the area.