Evaluation of the adoption of elite clonal coffee in Kagango sub-county, Sheema district in western Uganda
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Adoption of elite clonal coffee amongst farmers in Kagango Sub County has been due to the low productivity of traditional varieties that have been in existence for many years. The study evaluated the adoption of elite clonal coffee in Kagango sub -county Sheema district in western Uganda and the main objective of the study was to evaluate the adoption of elite clonal coffee by farmers, The specific objectives were to characterize the farmers of elite clonal coffee, to examine the source and affordability of elite clonal coffee seedlings and to assess the key constraints in elite clonal coffee adoption in Kagango sub-county. A Sample of 40 farmers was selected for the study and household interviews were conducted using a structured questionnaire and factors such as farmers' level of education, sex, age, household size, land owner ship, farm size, variety of coffee grown, source and affordability of coffee seedlings, were considered. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social scientists (SPSS). To characterize the fanners of elite clonal coffee (Objective one), descriptive statistics (means, frequencies, and standard deviations) were used. The factors that influenced the adoption of elite clonal coffee were examined using the binary logistic regression model. The binary logistic regression model results showed that age of the farmer (p=0.0001), marital status of the farmer (p - 0.0280), coffee farming experience (p - 0.0850), years of formal education (p = 0.0170), and access to clonal coffee seedlings (p = 0.0000) significantly influenced farmers' adoption of elite clonal coffee. The farmers got elite clonal coffee seedlings from the nursery operators, community farmer groups and UCDA. The constraints that were faced by farmers in the adoption of elite clonal coffee are inadequate extension service, low farmer capacity to access and use of technology, on-innovative and non-proactive research systems, inadequate credit, inadequate information on availability of improved coffee variety (elite clonal coffee), lack of government support, inadequate knowledge about the innovation, and inadequate water The study recommended formation of farmer groups so as to increase their access to extension services, recruitment of more extension staff by the government, government's strategy of educating farmers through the use of radio programs on the need to adopt improved coffee technologies, the government to provide subsidized loans and credit facilities targeting rural farmers.