Prevalence of malaria among pulmonary tuberculosis patients attending Masaka regional refferal hospital
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The report presents a cross sectional and descriptive study carried out to determine the prevalence of malaria among pulmonary TB patients attending medical services at Masaka Regional Referral Hospital between 1st March and 31st May, 2019.A purposive sampling technique was employed. Only those known TB positive patients were targeted. Capillary blood specimens were collected from TB positive patients; processed (stained blood sample slides using field stains A and B) and examined microscopically to diagnose malaria and determine the prevalence of malaria among pulmonary TB respondents in the study area. Data on Age, Sex, months of different seasons and diagnostic results for malaria was collected. The Data collected (outcome of the study) was entered into a Microsoft office Excel program2016 and later exposed to SPSS version 20 and analyzed with help of a biostatistian. The analyzed data was presented in table forms, and graphs. A total of 102 respondents all known pulmonary TB (PTB) Patients aged 10 years and above who visited the Hospital at the time of the study were included in the study. Findings revealed that (27.5 % n=102) of the respondents had malaria. It further showed that malaria cases were highest among the male (53.6%, n=102) PTB positive patients as compared to their female (46.4%, n=102) counterparts. It also showed that cases of malaria were highest (57.1%, n=102) in age group 30 to 49 years. The prevalence of malaria was high in March a rainy season compared to May a dry season. Malaria infection was diagnosed in PTB positive patients in this study area. Like reported elsewhere in other parts of the world, malaria among pulmonary tuberculosis patients is common. Further research of the same kind should be done to incorporate the persons below ten years of age because this study was focused on those above that age. From this research, we recommend community awareness to increase knowledge on TB and malaria management. Patients diagnosed with PTB should be given antimalarial drugs for prophylaxisis to avoid malaria.