Diversity and distribution of mosquitoes on Makerere University Hill
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Mosquitoes are a major disturbance and hindrance to improving human well-being in the tropical and sub-tropical regions due to the pathogens they transmit. Identification of different mosquito species and their associated habitats is the primary step to counter health and other economic losses they cause to humans. This study was conducted on Makerere university hill, Kampala district to assess the diversity and distribution of mosquitoes in and around the halls of residence. Field sampling was conducted in January 2020 where larvae collections from water containing traps were conducted and transferred to plates in cages for the adult stage to emerge. A total of four specific sites were sampled and laboratory identification of mosquitoes using standard guides was conducted. A total of 411 mosquitoes were recorded, comprising of two genera Aedes (51.6%), and Culex (48.4%).Mosquito species abundance varied significantly among the different sites of collection (X2 = 115.2, df = 6, p < 0.05), with highest diversity at Mary Stuart hall and least at the Zoology department forest stand. There was also a significant interaction between the mosquito species collected and the habitat sites from which they were collected. It is evident from the study that difference in numbers of mosquito species is attributed to the different ecosystems and micro-habitats created in the sites of collection. A better understanding of the mosquito diversity levels in the University can be achieved by further longer studies that take into account the parameters of the mosquito breeding sites and seasonal variations which can be altered under the control and management of mosquito vectors.