Analysis of the factors that determine goat rearing in Bushenyi district
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An understanding of factors that determine goat rearing is crucial when formulating policies that support village-based goat production. To understand these factors, a study was conducted in Katikamwe parish in Bushenyi district of Uganda. The main objective that guided this study was to assess the factors that determine goat rearing in Bushenyi District. Multistage sampling was used to arrive at the sample where 120 households were selected in villages of Nyamabare Katikamwe Kyabugimbi in Bushenyi District. Structured questionnaires administered in 120 households were used to study the associated factors with goat rearing in Bushenyi District. Univariate analysis, bivariate and multivariable logistic regression were used for analysis. Results revealed that there was a statistically significant relationship between goat rearing and use of non – family labour as well as vaccination of goats at both the bivariate level and multivariable level. This clearly showed that the number of goats a farmer reared were highly dependent on whether a farmer used non-family labour and vaccinated his/her goats. This therefore implied that farmers who were not willing to use non-family labour reared a few goats that could be managed by their own family labour. On the other hand, since vaccination required a certain payment, it would also influence farmers’ choice on the number of goats to rear as farmers who felt that they could not spend a lot on vaccination reared a few goats they could manage to pay for. Furthermore, use of non-family labour is also due to households where the heads have other economic activities and opportunities to attend to, thus they have to hire labour to look after their livestock. Whereas other factors like age, gender, marital status and education level were not statistically significant with goat rearing. I highly recommended that all goat farmers and all those interested in goat rearing should use non-family labour and practice vaccination of goats as these turn out to increase goat productivity based on the conclusions that the number of goats a farmer rears are highly dependent on whether a farmer uses non-family labour. This implies that farmers who vaccinate their goats are more likely to have more goat production compared to their counterparts and the fact that most of the goat farmers highly depend on use of non-family labour for goat production.