Analysis of the effects of the indigenous poultry value chain on the level of household income in Central Uganda
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This study was about establishing the effects of indigenous poultry value chain on the Level of household income, particularly it focused on the value chain which embraces the full range of activities that are required to bring a product or service from conception, through the intermediary phases of production, delivery to final consumers and final disposal after use. The study objectives were: to examine how the cost of control of NCD, access and type of credit, market infrastructure and contribution of extension services as part of indigenous poultry value chain effects the level of income of households in Central Uganda. Furthermore it examined the factors that influenced the indigenous poultry value chain which selectively included diseases control mainly NCD, credit, market infrastructure and skills development on income levels of farmers in Central Uganda. The descriptive research designs were opted to help achieve the objective. This included the distribution of questionnaires to collect data from indigenous chicken farmers, chicken traders, Agrovets and extension officers to avoid biased opinions from one end of the value chain. The chi-square test to answer the research hypothesis of the categorical variable. The target and accessible population consisted of 600 farmers, who were members of 30 local poultry commercialization common interest groups, attendants from 17 Agrovet, 20 local poultry traders and 7 field extension officers. A random of 103 farmers was drawn using purposive sampling method. Proportions were used to select 9 Agrovet and 10 local poultry. All the 7 extension staff were included in the study sample. Reliability coefficient for the farmers’ instrument obtained of alpha was 0.8. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and correlations. Results from the study indicated that the control of NCD had above average correlation of 0.6 with the development of the IPVC in Central Uganda especially by bird mortality rates that were above 25%, market access had moderate correlation of 0.46 while credit access and extension services had low correlations of 0.38 and 0.33 respectively with development of the indigenous poultry value chain. Overall the study showed that the xiv selected factors had low to high correlations with the development of the IPVC in the study area. Therefore conclusions were drawn basing on the p-value results as explained: If p>0.05, then there was insignificant relationship between the two variables whereas if p<0.05, then we conclude that there is a significant relationship between the dependent and variables. According to the statistics from table 4.7, variables like purpose of keeping poultry, availability of NCD vaccine, availability and access to credit facilities, interest rate of credit facilities and market accessibility were found to be significantly associated with the level of household income that is to say (p<0.05), while monthly income from eggs and chicken and the cost of NCD vaccine were found to be insignificantly associated with the level of household income that is to say (p>0.05). The study recommends that farmers should be educated more by extension service providers on how to reconstitute the NCD vaccine and commercialization of indigenous poultry production should be encouraged by leaders and development agent as a means of poverty reduction.