An investigation of traffic violations by non- motorised transport modes at signalised intersections in Kampala.
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The great majority of Uganda’s roads have no infrastructure specifically designed for use by pedestrians or cyclists and thus they must share the road with motorised traffic. Increasing motorisation, combined with some inadequately maintained infrastructure, has made non- motorised transport unsafe. Road accidents adversely affect non-motorised users, especially pedestrians and cyclists (KCCA, 2018). Traffic violations by non-motorised modes of transport include failure to follow traffic lights, crossing the road diagonally, running while crossing and failure to cross at the pedestrian crossing. It is also stated that when a pedestrian crosses an intersection at a red light, his relative crash risk is eight times higher compared to a legal crossing at green light (Goldenbeld, 2017). The main objectives of this research were to investigate traffic violations by non-motorised transport modes at signalised intersections in Kampala. Generally, the incidents of near collisions increased with the increase in the number of traffic violations of non- motorised modes of transport. For example, for every 100 violations of non-motorised modes of transport, about 20 resulted into near collisions. It was also found out that traffic violations by non- motorised modes of transport were highest in the morning between 7:00 am to 9:00 am and in the evening between 4:00 pm to 6:00 pm.