Factors influencing the type of jobs Ugandan migrants take up in the Middle East
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Introduction: Education as of this research study is the act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character or physical ability of an individual as well socio-economic transformation. Throughout this study education is looked at or considered to be an important form of human capital development and its therefore used as a filter especially by most Middle East employers. Thus, the reason for this study which is examining the factors which influence the type of jobs Ugandan migrants take up in the middle east; and whether education levels do matter? Objectives: This study’s main objective is to examine the factors that influence the type of jobs Ugandans take up in the Middle East. Other objectives that were considered were; to examine the socio-cultural, demographic and economic factors that influence the type of job Ugandan take up in Middle East. Methodology: The study’s methodology during the examination of factors influencing the type of jobs Ugandan migrants take up in the middle east; included education, residence, religion, marital status, gender. In addition to that, three types of analysis were used that is univariate to describe and summarize the distribution of respondents basing on the background characteristics and bivariate to show the relationship between the type of jobs taken up in the Middle East and each independent variable to ascertain whether the two are associated and after the chi-square test was done to verify if the p-values were 0.000. Finally, logistic regression model to trace the significant factors that influence the type of jobs Ugandans take up in the Middle East and the results were presented in terms of odds ratios. Results: Results show that 74.7% of the respondents had formal employment while 25.3% had informal employment. There were more female respondents (65.6%) than men. Study results also revealed that, Muslims (31.9%), Catholics (28.1%), and protestants (21.1%), had the largest share of respondents who participated compared to the rest say evangelicals (17.5%) and others such as Seventh day Adventist, Buddhist, etc. (1.4%). At bivariate analysis level, the study results revealed that, residence and job type had a significant association (p=0.002). Additionally, Formal type of employment was mostly among respondents from rural areas (87.6%) as compared to urban areas (70.9%). Furthermore, the chi square analysis reveals that age, gender, religion, education and marital status had no relationship with type of job because their P-values 0.578, 0.732, 0.324, 0.902 and 0.103 were more than the given significance level of P ≤ 0.05. Recommendation: The study recommends establishment of measures designed to meet improvements in education so as to meet the standards of what is required on the Middle East labor market. The study also recommends that greater emphasis should be put on measures that will diminish the gender gap especially for those Ugandan migrants taking up jobs in the Middle East.