An assessment of household factors associated with comorbidity in children under 5 years: a case study of Nakiwogo Landing Site
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The objective of the study was to assess household factors associated with Comorbidity in Children Under 5 Years in Nakiwogo landing site. The study was carried out between September 2021 and February 2022. Specifically, I investigated whether gender of the household head, marital status of the household head, education level of the household head, type of toilet facility, source of drinking water, household size, household income and number of children below the age of five had a significant relationship on Comorbidity in Children under the age of five. The research design adopted was the cross sectional design in that the participants were interviewed once and the researcher did not perform a follow up on the participants. Primary data was collected from 112 respondents who were household heads at Nakiwogo landing site. The analysis was done using frequency distribution, Pearson's Chi square and binary logistic regression. From the results, majority of the children suffered from two diseases (85.71). Most of the households were male headed represented by 54.46% and 45.54% were female headed. Findings from the bivariate analysis showed that marital status of the household head, income of the household head, education level of the household head, the type of toilet facility, type of house, whether or not leftover food was covered, whether food was covered while preparing it, the type of house, household size and the number of children below age of five(p<0.05) were related to comorbidity in children under the age of five. The multivariate analysis of the type of house on comorbidity in children under the of five was significant(p<0.05). Children in households that had mud floors were 339.544 times more likely to suffer from two or more diseases than those in houses that had tiled floor types (OR=339.544). Children who lived in temporary houses were 0.434 times less likely to suffer from two or more diseases (OR=0.434) as compared to those who lived in permanent houses, this was statistically significant(p<0.05). The results from this study suggest that majority of the household factors are associated with comorbidity in children below the age of five. The results further suggest that different households take different actions in order to reduce the incidence of diseases in children below the age of five and that household income plays a vital role in curbing comorbidity in children below the age of five.