A real-time smart dust bin for efficient waste management and separation using both GSM and GPS technology.
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A healthy environment is imperative to a healthy and happy community. Clean and well- monitored environments are a key need in human habitable environments. Citywide management and monitoring of waste is a key aspect of achieving this. The existing system of using waste monitoring personnel to regularly check and empty filled dustbins, the process has been prone to delays or neglect. Additionally, due to different frequencies of usage of dustbins in different areas, routine checks which are based on time crevices are inefficient because a dustbin might get filled early and may need immediate attention or there might not be any need for a routine check for a long period. This makes the present system resources expensive and ineffectual, as overflowing, stinking dustbins become more of a problem than a solution. This study presents a solution for the Smart-Bin Prototype for In-House Waste Management which integrates the idea of a GPS Module, a GSM module, and an Arduino mega Microcontroller used to interface the sensor system. Dustbins in an area are embedded with low power and low-cost smart ultrasonic sensors for the fill-level status, Inductive proximity sensors used to detect metals, capacitive proximity sensors used to detect plastics that are connected, the bins transmit their fill-level status to the Arduino micro-controller which relays this data to a cloud platform (Portal). The cloud platform further pushes the data to the client app a GUI (Web or mobile) in which the current state (filled or not) is displayed. The client app GUI is used by the waste management personnel and data can be used to plan their routine check. The app can also be used by the public to determine which nearby dustbin is empty and supports what waste to support waste separation. This timely garbage monitoring would optimize resources, reduce cases of neglect for waste collection and disposal, and is easy to adopt