An investigation into the limited private sector participation in the development of low income housing in Kampala
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This study was aimed at investigating into the limited private sector participation in the development of income housing Kampala. It was made up of three objectives: key limitations of the private sector in the development of low income housing in Kampala, the effects of housing deficit on the low income earners and the factors considered by the private sector before investing in the development of low income housing in Kampala. Literature review was reviewed basing on what had been written by other researchers on housing, types of houses, private sector participation in low income housing, low income housing, affordability of low income housing, national housing policy and government, key limitations of the private in developing low income housing, the effects of housing deficit on the low income earners, the factors considered by the private sector before investing in the development of low income housing and possible solutions to improve the development of low income housing. The study was conducted using a cross sectional research study design. A sample size of 278 Kisenyi 111 residents and 36 private real estate developers was used. Simple random sampling was used on both the Kisenyi 111 residents and private sector developers. The researcher primarily collected data with the aid of a self- designed structured five point likert scale questionnaire. 36 questionnaires for the private real estate developers and 278 questionnaires for the Kisenyi 111 residents were distributed. 30 were filled and returned by the private real estate developers while 215 questionnaires were filled and returned by the Kisenyi 111 residents. Data generated was analyzed using statistical measures such as frequency and mode. Relative importance index were used to rank likert scales. Demographic data was presented using tables and charts like bar graphs, pie chart, and frequency tables. The analyses were conducted using a computer software called SPSS version 16 and Microsoft excel. The results showed that there is need for the private sector especially the private real estate developers to participate in the development of low income housing deficit in order to reduce on the overall housing deficit and the researcher recommended that relaxed payment plans for the low income earners in order to access housing, reduced building regulations and standards for construction of low income housing, increased financing Public Private Partnerships, harmonized government laws and policies, government should provide incentives encourage private developers and encourage use manufacture of locally available construction materials are some of the solution.