Factors influencing family planning uptake in Uganda: a case study of Anyeke health center IV Oyam district.
Aol, Rebecca Dorish
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The purpose of this study was to find out the factors influencing family planning uptake amongst people in Uganda: A case study Anyeke health Centre IV in Oyam District. The study objectives were; to establish the relationship between education and family planning uptake, to find out how age influences the level of family planning uptake, to determine the impact of socioeconomic factors and level of family planning uptake so as to generate a baseline data which will be used to improve family planning uptake. Hence the study analyzed family planning uptake in Oyam using data from Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys (UDHS) with a sample of 1109 people with the dependent variable being the level of family planning uptake and the independent variables were; Age, level of education, distance from the health facilities, means of transport, methods and union. Pearson chi-square test for independence and logistic regressions were used. Specifically, education level, age, travel time, type of transport, union, methods were the factors investigated to improve on family planning uptake amongst people. Results from the study showed that the highest proportion of respondents were in age group 25-30 (25.8%), majority of the respondents had ever attended school (76.8%) and had attained primary level of education (68.4%) the highest level of respondents take over 60 minutes to get to health center (30.3%) and used walking transport as means (61.4%). Results from the study showed that majority of the respondents were currently married (61%) and were also currently doing something or using any method to delay or avoid getting pregnant (55.6%). The highest proportion of the respondents were currently using injections as means of contraception (30%). At the second level analysis at the second level, chi square tests were used to establish the relationship between dependent and independent variables, results from the study showed that there was no significant relationship between social economy, demographic factors and family planning uptake since p-value >0.05. Thus the study accepted all the hypothesis. At multivariate results from the study show that there was a significance between education level and family planning uptake of ANC services at 95% confidence interval were by respondents who had attained secondary education had higher levels of uptake on family planning compared to other categories