Peer pressure, substance abuse and depression .
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The study focused relationships between peer pressure, substance abuse and depression among male students in their third year at Makerere University. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether peer pressure affects substance abuse among students, to determine whether substance abuse leads to depression, and to find out whether peer pressure causes depression among the students. Included in this research is also analyses of peer pressure in its different forms, different substances abused by students as well as prevalence of depression among the students. The study was conducted in Makerere University which comprises of over 38,000 students in various colleges. The study used a correlational research design where 50 respondents were selected using purposive random sampling. Data was coded and analyzed using Statistical package for Social Scientists (SPSS) version 23. Frequencies and percentages were generated to analyze descriptive data of the respondents as well as levels or peer pressure, substance abuse and depression, while relationships between peer pressure and substance abuse, substance abuse and depression, and, peer pressure and depression were analyzed using Pearson product moment correlation coefficient. Results of the study indicated that many students experience levels of peer pressure, and that there is a significant relationship between peer pressure and substance abuse. The study also showed that substance abuse is a predictor of depression while peer pressure and depression have no significant relationship