Assessing the factors that affect housing affordability in unplanned settlements in Uganda: A Case study of Kikoni, Kampala District.
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The African Urban population has been growing over the past years with 2 African cities having more than 1 million people in 1980 to 48 cities in 2008 and projected to have increased to 68 by 2025 (UN-HABITAT, 2008). Uganda has been ranked as the country with the third-highest population growth rate in Africa i.e., 3.6 per cent per year having a population of 46 million people in 2020. Likewise, Uganda’s urbanization rate is projected to be 5.6 per annum (Gardner et al., 2020). This meant that Uganda’s urban households would grow from 2.9million in 2022 to 3.8 million in 2025; a total increase in housing of 180,000 units. The current urban growth is attributed to high natural growth rates and the ongoing migration from the rural areas (Vermeiren et al., 2012a). The migration from rural to urban areas has been boosted by industrialization, better job prospects, rising income and high expectations of the lowerand middle-class population. The situation has exerted immense pressure on the urban housing supply and affordability. This has remained a major challenge for both the policy makers and developers in most countries (Rameezdeen, 2018).