Factors affecting the use of modern contraceptives among women aged (15-49): a case study of Kampala region
Kuoldit, Angok Majok
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The purpose of this study was the analysis of the factors affecting the use of modern contraceptives among the women aged (15-49) in Uganda. A case of women in Kampala region. The study objective was the main objective. The study analyzed modern contraceptives use in Kampala region Uganda using data from Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys (UDHS) (UBOS, 2011) with a target population of 38000 women interviewed in the survey. The dependent variable of this study was modern contraceptives use and the independent variables were highest education level, partner’s education, wealth index, marital status, age, religion, occupation, partner’s occupation on contraceptives use. Chi square tests of bi-variate level were done to determine the relationship between demographic, socio-economic factors and modern contraceptives. Findings of the study indicated that the demographic factors such as age group of the respondents and education were statistically significant associated with the modern contraceptives since their (chi- square<0.05) (0.007 and 0.002) respectively. Furthermore, the socio-economic variables such as religion, wealth index, respondent’s occupation, partner’s occupation, partner’s education level were statistically significant associated with the use of modern contraceptives since their ( chi- square<0.05) respectively. The study recommends that that government should revise the population policy to actively promote contraceptives and family planning, Integrated health infrastructure should be developed whereby infant and child care, and nutritional care are combined with family planning services, Women education needs to be emphasized in order to promote innovative reproductive behavior, awareness campaigns on importance of having fewer children should be promoted to target women residing in rural areas and those without or limited education. All independent variables (respondent’s age, marital status, occupation, education distribution, religion, partner’s occupation and partner’s education) explains 40% influence in modern contraceptives use.