Socio economic factors affecting crop production in Bukedi Region. A case study of Iganga District
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This study examined the socio-economic factors determining crop production in the Bukedi Region through a case study of the Iganga District. The study population consisted of farmers in Iganga District, of whom 100 were selected to be representative of the entire population. To examine the effects, Literature was reviewed based on the study objectives and was obtained from the UBOS website, magazines, newspapers, study journals, the World Bank development indicators data portal, and previous related studies. This study was based on a case study research design and was conducted in Iganga District with a study sample size of 100 respondents. The study sample was selected using simple random sampling, where each individual had a known and equal chance of being selected for inclusion in the sample, and purposive sampling Techniques, primary data was used, which was collected using questionnaires as a data collection instrument, interview guides, focused group discussions, and secondary information from published sources. The Socio-Economic factors considered include household income, access to fertilizers, access to good quality seeds, and the availability of land. The content validity index was used to test Content validity and reliability were tested using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. A response rate of 95% was attained based on the data collection instruments found to be fitting for the study. SPSS was used to analyze the data, which was presented using frequency distribution tables and charts, Data was interpreted using frequencies (f) and percentages (%) per objective, and further analysis was done using correlation and linear regression analysis. The income of the respondent, availability of land for crop production, and access to fertilizers had a statistically significant relationship with crop production, which was in line with other researchers' findings.