Determinants of alcohol consumption among the people of Namatala: a case of Namatala Parish, Mbale District
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Alcohol consumption has resulted in significant severe health conditions. Nevertheless, many individuals continue to partake in both homemade and commercially produced alcoholic drinks. This research aimed to examine the factors influencing alcohol consumption among the Namatala community in the Eastern Region of Uganda in 2023. The study employed a community-based cross-sectional approach conducted between August 1 and August 30, 2023, involving residents aged 15 and above from the five cells of Namatala. A stratified multi-stage sampling method was employed for participant selection, and data was collected through a structured, pretested questionnaire administered by interviewers. The data was gathered using the Kobo Collect tool and analyzed using SPSS Version 25, with the chi-square test determining associations between independent variables and alcohol consumption. Variables with p < 0.05 in the bivariable chi-square test were identified as determinants of alcohol consumption. The primary determinants of alcohol consumption among participants were monthly household income (P=0.01), stress, employment status (P=0.00), education level, and cultural factors (P=0.00). Additional factors included availability, enjoyment, depression, age, and government alcohol policies. The findings of this study suggest the need for implementing policies and interventions to reduce alcohol consumption in semi-urban areas. Furthermore, health education efforts should prioritize raising awareness about the adverse health effects of alcohol on individuals.