Analysis of the performance of the Uganda national housing policy in guiding housing development in informal settlement: a case of Kifumbira zone, central division, Kampala city.
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The research explored the analysis of the performance of the Uganda National Housing Policy in guiding housing development in informal settlements, using a case of Kifumbira zone, central Division, Kampala city. Housing is a basic need only next to food and clothing. The policy aims at reducing the housing shortage in Uganda as well as advocating and promoting “Adequate Housing For All’’ How ever there has been very minimal success in its implementation especially in informal settlements. The research objectives addressed were; 1. To analyze the factors affecting the housing development in line with the housing policy. 2. To identify the policy gaps/barriers to housing development for individuals in the informal settlements. 3. To suggest measures which to ensure effective implementation of the housing policy. The study used an exploratory design which is best for studies with few or no earlier studies. The sample design did not cover all the concerned people in the housing development sector but a sample was taken to represent the entire population. Random sampling and purposive sampling were used. Data collection methods used include; observation, survey questionnaire method and interviewing. Later the data was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. Quantitative data was collected from 40 respondents while qualitative data was collected from 10 respondents. The findings of the study were given in relation to the objectives of the study. Some of the findings include; climate change, ignorance about the housing policy, expensive building materials. These answer the objective of finding out the major barriers to housing development in informal settlements. Other findings corresponding to the priorities of the area dwellers in relation to housing include; standardization of rental fees and provision of urban services. The study concluded that housing (accommodation of people) is a basic human need only next to food and clothing and functional housing policy instruments. This helps in forging more partnerships with key stakeholders who are interested in housing development. This is done with the aim of reducing the housing shortages among most of the poor Ugandans especially those in informal settlements. The recommendations were mainly to the government for example ensure proper implementation of the housing policy include; a well-integrated conceptual framework, government commitment and employing of housing officers at local levels to monitor housing development. Other recommendations went to the local authorities like sensitization of the masses about the housing policy.