Investigating the Impact of OHS Non-Compliance on Construction Projects in Kampala, Uganda
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Safety in the construction industry has always been a major issue. Non-compliance to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) practices has become a problem in construction sites since there is resistance from employers and employees, limited use of personal protective equipment, lack of training and education and many other challenges as discussed herein, which result to a lot of workers being injured during the construction process. Despite the fact that construction is considered to be one of the most dangerous sectors on health and safety criteria with reference to available records, there are still reports of a low level of compliance with safety rules on construction sites in developing countries. This study seeks to investigate the impact of OHS Non-compliance on building construction projects in Kampala, Uganda. From the existing literature, two major types of impacts namely; direct and indirect cost impacts of noncompliance with safety rule were investigated. Questionnaires were used to elicit information from respondents. This information was analyzed to generate findings, draw conclusions and recommendations. Therefore, this research was done in view of identification and examines some occupational health, safety and environment related practices in our construction industries. The framework of the existing occupational and health conditions is fragmented and inadequately enforced, making construction sites more hazardous. It may even be argued that relevant regulations are outdated and irrelevant in day-to-day construction operations. Furthermore, the findings show that there is actually a significant impact of OHS Non- compliance on building projects and majors on eight impacts; ‘treatment of injuries’, ‘damages to property’, ‘workmen’s compensation,’ ‘liability insurance premiums’, ‘costs of delay’, ‘time of cost’, ‘clean up costs’ and ‘rescheduling costs’. Though much improvement in construction safety has been achieved, the study concludes that the industry still continues to lag behind most other industries with regard to safety and therefore much still needs to be done to ensure compliance to OHS. The research finally recommends labour motivation and training, employment of supervising personnel to easily inspect and control the specified safety measures, safety signs, and personal protective equipment in an attempt to improve OHS compliance on building projects. Keywords- Occupational Health and Safety, companies, construction, industry, accidents, projects, risk, construction site; occupational hazard, occupational safety, workers.