Design of a hydrogen extractor for solar energy storage using electrolysis
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Our desire to save earth from the consistent emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere has led us to embrace renewable energy but seeing that renewable energy sources are intermittent sources of energy meaning they are on and off such as the sun which only comes out during day, we have to find ways to store some of the energy emitted by these sources during their operational hours for later use. So many countries such as Germany, China, USA and many others have invested heavily in energy storage means such as compressed air energy storage, pumped hydro, the use of batteries such as lithium ion and lead acid batteries. In Uganda however, the sector of energy storage is not yet prioritized as we majorly depend on hydro power and local biomass fuels for the few solar energy dependents, lead acid batteries are the major means of energy storage. Hydrogen is an energy carrier and has the largest energy content per unit mass of any known fuel thus sparking worldwide attention and in addition, it’s a clean energy carrier thus giving it an edge over its peers such as batteries. The major emphasis of this project was to design a cost-effective means of hydrogen production so as to make it a preferable option of solar energy storage in Uganda as compared to Lead acid batteries.