Investigating the impact of lack of maintenance on gravel roads in Uganda
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In Uganda today, 80 % gravel (unpaved) roads of the estimated 21,000 km of national road network are in the state of disrepair due to the outmoded maintenance practice combined with minimal funding leading to progressive decline in stock of good roads. Out of the UGX 3 Trillion allocated to the road sub sector in the financial year 2015/16, only a total budget of 417 billion was allocated for road maintenance and the remaining UGX 50.8 billion was not released by the URF disrupting and constraining progress of the road maintenance work plan leaving UNRA with an outstanding debt of UGX 30.25 billion on the road maintenance Programme by the close of the year to be catered for in the new financial year (FY). Because of the amount of money given to UNRA by the Government of Uganda (GoU) and the Uganda Road Fund (URF) for road development and maintenance being insufficient given the ever-increasing need for road maintenance (UNRA,2017) has led to many of the gravel roads remaining in the category of fair to poor condition (UNRA, 2016). Poor geometric designs, increasing traffic volumes, poor quality materials and lack of implementation of road maintenance intervention are some of the factors that have contributed to poor gravel road conditions. Therefore there is need to determine the extent to which lack of maintenance affects gravel road deterioration hence the need for this study.