Analysis of socio-economic factors influencing the choice and preference of contraceptive use among women in Rukungiri Municipality
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The aim of this study was to analyze socio-demographic and economic factors influencing the choice and preference of contraceptive use among women in Rukungiri Municipality. The target population constituted of women in the reproductive age (15-45 years). A sample size taken was 96 respondents using simple random sampling whereby the researcher looked at socio-demographic and economic factors of the respondents. The data was collected using a questionnaire which was both open ended and close ended. The data was captured in excel and analyzed with Stata version 15 using frequency tables, percentages and the chi-square test statistic at the 0.05 level of significance. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to establish the relationship between socio-demographic and economic variables and current use of contraception. From the multivariate analysis, the results showed that the major determinants of contraceptive use were age, number of living children, partner’s level of education and partner’s occupation. From the researcher’s perspective, the older the person, the more likely the person is to use contraceptives, the higher the number of children a woman has the more likely she is to use contraceptives to stop pregnancies, the higher the education level of the partner the more likely the woman is to use contraceptives and lastly women’s partners dealing in business are more likely to use contraceptives than peasants since most of them tend to be knowledgeable about the use of contraceptives and its benefits. In conclusion, a policy measure, the Ministry of Health should work hand in hand with other stake holders to publicize education, information and communication programs on family planning especially in rural areas and targeting men and peasants and further studies should be done to investigate the influence of service providers in the general uptake of contraceptive use.