Determinants of nutrition status of women of reproductive age 15-49 years in Uganda
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Malnutrition is the number one driver of the global burden of diseases. Inadequate dietary intake and deficiency in nutrients are closely linked to the general standard of living, the environmental conditions, and whether a population is able to meet its basic needs such as food, housing and health care. The main objective of the study was to establish factors that determine the nutrition status of women of reproductive age15-49 years in Uganda because of the proportion of women who were overweight or obese had increased from 17% in 2006 to 19% in 2011 and 24% in 2016 and was associated with cases of child mortality rates and maternal death. Age, education, wealth index, marital status and residence were significantly associated with the women nutrition status. statistics showed that out of 6012 women respondents, 67.6% of them had normal weight and the rest malnourished in terms of underweight (8%), overweight (17.3%) and obese (7.1%). The bivariate distribution showed that malnutrition was mostly in terms of overweight and obesity where the richest quintile (25.8%) and those with higher education level (26.6%) were the most affected. The study findings showed that overweight and obesity were more pronounced among women living in urban areas than in rural areas because most of their foods are rich in fats and manufactured as compared to those in rural who depend on agriculture. Therefore, individuals residing in urban areas should reduce the amount of fatty foods consumed and manufactured foods and use more of the agricultural products to reduce on cases of the increasing cases of overweight and obesity. Also, educated women and those with higher income levels should engage more in physical activities to reduce on their weight.