Assessment of water sanitation and hygiene and associated factors in Kashozi division Sheema Municipality.
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The global WASH indicators puts sub-Saharan Africa on a negative side with the current effort to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 6). There is an urgent need to assess the WASH status and associated factors in urban settings of Africa. Specifically this study looked at association of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene status with social factors (occupation, level of education, marital status, and religion) and demographic (age, sex, average household size) in Kashozi division. A sample of 400 households were interviewed and the study considered univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis using binary logistic regression model was used to establish the association of WASH status of households with demographic and social factors. Majority (68.00%) of the respondents were females, 70.75% were aged 30 to 59 years, 80.75% were married, 57.75% were peasant farmers and only 35.5% had attained secondary and tertiary education and about religion majority (57.00%) were Anglican, 28.25% Catholic, 8.00% Islam and the rest were in others like Pentecost. Majority 62.00%) of the households had improved water status with most (61.56%) burden of fetching water on females and 83.00% treated their water before drinking. On the aspect sanitation, majority (96.25%) of the households had improved status where 83.00% were not sharing the toilet facility, 53.30% dumped solid waste into the garden and burned them as a method of its disposal and for those that had children below five years, majority (65.99%) disposed of their stools by putting it into the toilet facility. As regards to hygiene, only 24.25% of the households had improved hygiene status. And generally the WASH status had a significant association with education level and occupation of the respondents where those that had attained tertiary education and those that were business persons and civil servants were more likely to have improved WASH status. There is need for the government to increase safe water coverage in remote areas and increase on the sensitization of the public about use of improved sanitation and hygiene facilities especially hand-washing facility with water and soap or detergent in order to improve WASH status most especially hygiene. And there is need for more research on other factors associated with WASH other than social and demographic factors considered in this research.