Factors Influencing Low contraceptive use among Women Aged 15-49 Years in Uganda
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Background: This study was undertaken to assess the factors that influence low contraceptive use among women aged 15_49 years of age in Uganda. It was guided by the following objectives namely; to examine the relationship between various factors that influence contraceptive use. In relation to factors influencing low contraceptive use, the study found out the following: - age, marital status, religion, residence, region, education, wealth index and number of living children as some of the major factors that influence the choice of contraceptive use among women aged 15-49 in Uganda. The study found out that the factors influencing contraceptive use among women aged 15-49 in Uganda especially wealth index, education level and number of living children have significant effect on contraceptive use of women in Uganda. Findings further reveal female education especially higher, wealth index like richest, number of living children especially more than five children are more likely to use modern contraceptives and reduces on fertility rate than the poor with no education and those having no child. Therefore there is great need for exposure of modern contraceptive methods in rural area, poor and less educated women aged 15-49 years of age. From the findings, measures that aim to educate women beyond secondary education create job opportunities for women, women empowerment and more awareness about the availability and importance of modern contraceptive use to women with more than five children should be strengthened. Methods: The data used in this study was obtained from the Uganda Demographic Health Survey 2016 which was conducted by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics. 10,068 households were approached and women between the ages of 15-49 years, all permanent residents of the households or visitors in the house the night before where interviewed. Enquiries were made as to the knowledge of existing contraception, methods chosen and currently used as well as the reason for choosing a particular method based on selected background characteristics. To analyze the decision to use, a PROBIT model was run and the marginal effect obtained. The multinomial logistic regression has been used to estimate preferred method choice of available modern contraceptives among married women in Uganda. Both analyses we run using STATA 11.2.