Assessing of the impact health and safety Hazards on productivity in the construction industry in Uganda.
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This study analysed the impact of health and safety hazards on productivity in the construction industry in Uganda. The construction industry in Uganda is characterized by workers, contractors and third parties being prone to safety and health hazards around and within the construction sites. Some safety and health hazards are mild, others are serious, near misses whereas others are fatal. This occurrence in the construction industry is a result of combined causes which vary from negligence of employers, clients and employees in terms of: provision of Personal Protective Equipment, provision of training facilities on the use of PPE and use of machinery ,poor use and storage of dangerous materials, lack of record keeping to keep track of the recurring hazards, unforeseeable factors like underground electrocution, and ditches as well as not complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Regulations and statues put up by bodies like KCCA. Accidents may occur in form of falling debris, cuts, nail piercings, inhalation of toxic substances as well as epidemics due to unhygienic work environment. Consequently, these safety and health hazards in the construction industry leads to loss of time, effect on productivity, increased costs on health and safety as well as loss of lives at the worst case scenario. This is a big concern to the general public since the construction industry employs a significant percentage of the formal and informal labour force. This study therefore aimed at determining the safety and health hazards in Uganda, assessing the effectiveness of safety measures put in place at construction sites and thus determining the relationship between productivity and safety hazards on construction sites in Uganda. The study adopted quantitative and qualitative approaches in data collection and analysis. Simple random sampling was used to select 7 construction in Central division where the study was focused. The study involved the use of questionnaires and observation schedules to collect the data required to answer the objective questions of this research. Questionnaires were administered some contractors, site engineers, and health and safety officers, quantity surveyors, project managers and lead foremen on sites where appropriate. Observation was done when there was active construction on those particular sites where questionnaires were administered. All the information used in this study is primary information.