Assessing the Effect of Urban Population growth on the housing conditions in Kampala. (Case study: Makindye)
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The study examines the consequences of rapid urban population growth on access to adequate housing in Kampala and Makindye in particular through evaluation of data collected from low income, middle income and high-income earner residents to give a clear picture of the housing type and environment in Kampala town under conditions of rapid population rise, growing housing demand and increased rent and land prices as well as growing urban poverty. Findings show that the majority of the people who move to town from rural areas fail to secure employment immediately and end up experiencing acute unemployment. They are the low-income earners in Kampala town. This growth and physical expansion of the town is accompanied by unplanned urban sprawl, environmental pollution, deterioration and deficiencies in modern basic facilities and general urban decay. These problems are compounded by urban poverty characterized by growth of substandard housing and slum/ squatter settlements, deterioration of residential neighborhood and absence of capital spending on existing housing stocks thereby reducing accessibility to adequate housing particularly to low income earners who cannot afford decent shelter. The research also explores the historical background, factors for the rapid growth of Kampala town since 2007 to date, nature of that growth and trend. The research further investigates into whether the policies and strategies put in place by government to address urban housing challenges are being implemented in Kampala town. The researcher therefore concludes by suggesting recommendations to redress the negative effects of urbanization on access to adequate housing at the same time encourage/ promote the agglomeration benefits of urbanization so that urbanization and housing are in tandem. The researcher further recommends the implementation of favourable land, housing and urban development policies and review areas with discrepancies to address the existing land tenure problems, the establishment of strategies for developing low cost rental housing and supporting the private sector to develop decent and affordable shelter for all.