Associations of HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and condom use among most-at-risk populations in Namayingo District
Hamala, Emmanuel Odwori
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The purpose of the study was to investigate knowledge levels, risk attitudes towards HIV/AIDS and condom use among the Most-At-Risk Populations (MARPs) in Namayingo district. The study focused on MARPs’ risk attitudes towards getting HIV/AIDS and also an exploration of the relationship between MARPs’ HIV/AIDS level of knowledge and condom use. This study was based on a cross-sectional study about HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and condom use carried out in 8 Sub-Counties of Namayingo district. . An interval sampling strategy with the probability of selection proportional to the size was used to select sites where interviews were done. Systematic sampling was used to select respondents to be interviewed at every site. Therefore, secondary data utilized by this study were obtained from the district health department. Data were analyzed using STATA version 15.0. Descriptive statistics was performed to describe demographic variables, HIV-related knowledge, and risk attitudes towards getting HIV/AIDS. Independent one-way analysis (ANOVA) and Chi-Square tests were used to examine the differences in knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS between the MARPs. χ^2 >=〖χ^2〗_(d,α) , d = (r – 1) ( c – 1), α= 0.05 for chi-square and F >=F_(d_1,d_2,α). d_1 = K - 1, d_2 = N - K, α= 0.05 for F-test in one way Anova were the set to determine statistical significance. The study found out that, MARP types between men and women were found to be significantly related women (χ^2= 297.157 >〖χ^2〗_2,0.05 = 5.991). Average knowledge for PWID was significantly related to that of non-PWID (χ^2= 15.937 >〖χ^2〗_1,0.05 = 3.841). The average HIV knowledge for FSW was also significantly related to that of non-FSW (χ^2= 12.039 >〖χ^2〗_1,0.05 = 3.841). However, the average HIV knowledge for MSM was not significantly related to that of non-MSM (χ^2= 1.073 >〖χ^2〗_1,0.05 = 3.841). The study also found out that variations in condom use were significantly explained by university level of education (Z = 3.15 >Z_0.05 = 1.96), sex workers (Z = -0.30 >Z_0.05 = -1.96), Students/house workers/others (Z = 2.27 >Z_0.05 = 1.96), Entertainment workers (Z = -1.40 >Z_0.05 = -1.96), FSW (Z = 0.89 <Z_0.05 = 1.96) and average level of HIV knowledge (Z = 0.89 <Z_0.05 = 1.96). In conclusion, the study recommends increasing communication and education to the public about condom use, HIV/AIDS transmission, treatment and prevention.