An investigation into the impact of informal land market on physical planning and land use development of Kira municipality :case study of Kasokoso neighbourhood.
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Although there is broad agreement that well-functioning land rental markets will play an important role to increase productivity and household welfare as agrarian economies develop, evidence from Africa on the actual performance and impact of such markets on physical planning is limited. Due to Rural -Urban migration a great of rural-urban migrants are converging towards Kampala, the capital of Uganda and secondary towns, putting strain on land especially of the urban fringes. This is the case with Kasokoso neighborhood a suburb of Kira Municipality which attracts many people searching land for various use but mainly for residential land use. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of informal land market on Physical Planning and orderly development in Kira Municipality. The main aim of the research project is to explore the impact of informal land market in Kasokoso neighborhood, Kira Municipality. More specific objectives are; to identify and analyze the forms of land markets in the study area, to identify and analyze the actors, mechanism and the processes facilitating the land delivery system in Kasokoso neighborhood, to examine the influence and challenges presented by the informal land market on the physical planning and orderly development of Kasokoso neighborhood, To suggest strategies that can address the implications that arise as result of informal land acquisition process to ensure orderly land developments under the informal land market in Kira municipality. Data used in this paper was collected through field survey, Target and in-depth interview held with the land owners, land brokers, physical planner Kira Municipality and LC1 chairperson Kasokoso neighborhood. The research uses primary data from 50 household interviews, 10 land brokers, 1 physical planner Kira municipality, 1LC1 chairman conducted in Kasokoso neighborhood, Kira municipality. Findings revealed land owned was acquired through informal purchase and land sellers were mainly native people who acquired land through purchase and inheritance. Size of land to be sold is frequently fixed unilaterally by the seller however, at times it can be negotiated upon between the buyer and the seller. Land demarcation is done with indigenous plants. Land price is negotiable and varies greatly based on the land size and its specific location and is higher than the reference land price. Land right transfer is evidenced by a simple “sale contract/ agreement”. All informal land purchases are not reported to the area’s Land committee though the process is very easy, clear and cheap.