Determinants of Toilet Sharing Among Households in Uganda
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The general objective of the study is to assess the determinants of toilet sharing among households in Uganda. The data used was secondary data that was obtained from UBOS. The Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS, 2016) is the fifth comprehensive survey conducted in Uganda as part of the worldwide Demographic and Health Surveys project. The UDHS is a nationally representative survey of 2,479 respondents from all the 15 sub regions of Uganda. Statistical analysis was performed using the STATA 13.0 software. Descriptive analysis will be performed as well. Data was expressed as absolute numbers and percentages, and mean and standard deviations (SD).Comparisons between the groups was made using Chi-square (χ2) test, and a P value of ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. From the Chi-square results, there is a significant relationship between sex of household head, type of residence, education level, type of toilet facility, occupation and toilet sharing among households (p-values<0.05). Simple logistic results on the other hand showed that there is no significant relationship between household size and toilet sharing among households the at 5 percent level of significance since the p-value is greater than 0.05. Study results further showed that the larger the size of the household the more the household is likely to share toilets. Furthermore, study results show that households that have men as their heads are more likely to share toilets than those that are headed by women. Additionally, study results showed that, respondents that stay in the urban areas are more likely to share toilets as compared to those that stay in the rural areas. Furthermore, results also showed that there a significant relationship between education level and toilet sharing among households (p=0.001<0.05). Moreover, those that attained primary education are more likely to share toilets than those that acquired no formal education. Study results showed that there is a significant relationship between type of toilet facility and toilet sharing among households (p=0.001<0.05). Moreover, those with ventilated improved pit latrine are more likely to share toilets than those that use other types of facilities. Last but not least, study results show that respondents who do household work, domestic work and services are more likely to share toilets than those that are not working. The study further recommends that family planning should be encouraged more so as to reduce toilet sharing since the larger households have more incidence of toilet sharing.