Assessing the impact of land acquisition challenges on government project implementation A case of Kinawataka-Kasokoso sewer line
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Project implementation involves providing public facilities and infrastructure that ensure safety and security, health and welfare, social and economic enhancement, and protection and restoration of the natural environment leading to a sustainable development. Land in Uganda belongs to the citizens and for the government to provide these facilities, land is always required. Specific land parcels required may not be on sale at the time it is required or the government may not be able to purchase land over the land market. The government uses the power of compulsory acquisition of land that can force owners to sell their land in order to obtain the land required to be used for specific purposes. Compulsory acquisition of land in Uganda has always been a delicate issue and is still complex and problematic which has hindered project implementation. This research study sought to evaluate the land acquisition process being carried out in Uganda, the challenges this process if facing, and how these challenges affect project implementation. This research study employed a case study and a non experimental cross sectional design where a sample of a 105 respondents were selected using purposive and snowball sampling techniques. Questionnaires and interview guides were the data collection tools employed and data was analyzed using Microsoft Excel in form of graphs, tables and charts. The research revealed that there are various challenges facing the land acquisition process in Uganda and they include; poor communication, delayed payment of the compensation value, inadequate compensation, corruption among others. The research further revealed that these challenges have led to delayed commencement of government projects, projects coming to a standstill, and cost overruns. The researcher put out several recommendations that can be adopted to smoothen the land acquisition process and fasten project implementation, these entail; increased nationwide sensitization of the public about the importance of land acquisition in project implementation and overall economic development, increased public participation in land acquisition process, setting up Grievance Redress Communities at all public projects to reduce litigation time and long process followed by courts of law.